1 Jun Arthashastra by Kautilya, translated by R. Shamasastry also known by the name Chanakya or Vishnugupta, the prime minister of India’s first. Kautilya, also known as Chanakya, was believed to be the chief minister in the He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. 29 Jan Max Weber once wrote that compared to Chanakya’s the Arthashastra, ” Machiavelli’s The Prince is harmless.”.

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Its prescriptions are especially relevant for foreign policy today. Reading About the World, Vol.

The Arthashastra of Kautilya or Chanakya

All means to win a war are appropriate in the Arthashastra, including assassination of enemy leaders, sowing discord in its leadership, engagement of covert men and women in the pursuit of military objectives and as weapons of war, deployment of accepted superstitions and propaganda to bolster one’s own troops or to demoralize enemy soldiers, as well as open hostilities by deploying kingdom’s armed forces. The Arthashastra theories are similar with some and in contrast to other alternate theories on war and peace in the ancient Indian tradition.

Hence the king shall ever be wakeful. For example, the Arthashastra suggests that a king ought to fake divine miracles at state temples, so as to increase his revenue from pilgrimages. Those who are unrighteous, should not work in civil and criminal courts. We have been serving the world community since Dhammika Readings from the edits of king Asoka by Thanissaro Bhikkhu. Violence towards an arrthashastra of high birth shall entitle him to run away. From each house a water-course of sufficient slope at a distance of three padas or 1.

We promote tolerance and the highest ideals reflected in these cultures.

Chanakya: India’s Truly Radical Machiavelli

Those who voluntarily partake of whatever is condemned, either as food or drink, shall be outcastes. Try Upaya four strategies. The text has been reproduced and reformatted from: There has been a great deal cnanakyas controversy as to the original author of this work, as some believe it to be the work of one individual by the name Chanakya or Kautilya or some one with the name, while some arthashasgra it be the work of several generations of writers belonging to a particular school of political thought.


The most important single text in Hindu political philosophy is Kautilya’s Arthasastra Book III, Chapter 1: Chapter 9 of Book 1 suggests the king to maintain a council and a Purohit chaplain, spiritual guide for his personal counsel. The Purohit claims the text must be one who is well educated in the Vedas and its six Angas.

The text dedicates Book 3 and 4 to economic laws, and a court system to oversee and resolve economic, contracts and market-related disputes.

Scanned by Jerome S. When the degree of progress is the same in pursuing peace and waging war, peace is to be preferred. The plaintiff shall reply soon after the defendant has arthashasrra the questions at issue. The same fine shall be meted out not only to a tenant who, though asked to evacuate, resides in the house, but also to the owner who forces out a renter who has paid his rent from his house, unless the renter is involved in such acts as defamation, theft, robbery, abduction, or enjoyment with a false title.

In other projects Wikisource. Any woman who murders her husband, preceptor, or offspring, sets fire to another’s property, poisons a man, or cuts off any of the bodily joints of another shall be torn apart by bulls, no matter whether or not she is big with child, or has not passed a month after giving birth to a child.

Similarly any person whose life arfhashastra been mortgaged by others shall, if he runs away twice, be a slave for life.

Kautilya and His Arthashastra. For example, states Brekke, the legends in Hindu epics preach heroism qua heroism which is in contrast to Kautilya suggestion of prudence and never forgetting the four Hindu goals of human lifewhile Kamandaki’s Nitisarawhich is similar to Kautilya’s Arthashastrais among other Hindu classics on statecraft and foreign policy that suggest prudence, engagement and diplomacy, peace is preferable and must be sought, and yet prepared to excel and win chanskyas if one is forced to.

He who defiles a willing virgin shall pay a fine of 54 panas, while the maiden herself shall pay a fine of half the amount. However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, arthashsatra has the right to take the ornaments with her. The ancient text stipulates that the courts have a panel of three pradeshtri magistrates for handling criminal cases, and this panel is different, separate and independent of the panel of judges of civil court system it specifies for a Hindu kingdom.



The defeated party shall pay these two kinds of costs. Whoever commits adultery with the queen of the land shall be burnt alive in a vessel. Then Sadgunya six forms of non-war pressure. The idea of the rajamandala also holds that relations between two contingent states will generally be tense, a fact that was definitely true of many regions, such as Europe, until fairly recently this does not preclude the possibility of a neighbor being friendly or a vassal.

The Arthashastra dedicates Book 7 and 10 to war, and considers numerous scenarios and reasons for war. Arthashastra states that forests be protected and recommends that the state treasury be used to feed animals such as horses and elephants that are too old for work, sick or injured.

The Arthashastra, in Topic 6, describes checks and continuous measurement, in secret, of the integrity and lack of integrity of all ministers and high officials in the kingdom. In the s, fragmented sections of a north Indian version of Arthashastra were discovered in form of a Devanagari manuscript in a Jain library in PatanGujarat.

Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. The rest are to be sanctioned by both the father and the mother; for it is they that receive the money paid by the bridegroom for their daughter. Kautilya’s Arthashastra depicts a bureaucratic welfare state, in fact some kind of socialized monarchy, in which the central government administers the details of the economy for the common good